COPING WITH NATURAL DISASTERS: THE ROLE OF LOCAL HEALTH PERSONNEL AND THE COMMUNITY
( By A Working Guide (WHO - OMS, 1989) )

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Annex 3.Indicators of likely need for a supplementary feeding programme (SFP)1











































Major indicator2


Other factors


Type of SFP


General ration averaging less than 1500 kcal per person/day


None


For all vulnerable groups, as soon as possible


Over 20 % children malnourished




10-20% children malnourished


General ration averaging less than 2000 kcal per person/day




Severe public health hazards




Significant diseases (esp. measles) prevalent or imminent




None


Selective within vulnerable groups: at least for all malnourished


5-10% children malnourished


Any of above




None


No SFP: individual attention to malnourished. (Whatever the other factors, available resources are probably better used correcting/minimizing them)


Under 5% children malnourished


Any of above



1Adapted from Handbook for emergencies. Geneva, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 1982.

2 Percentages are of children under 5 years old under 80% weight-for-height

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