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ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT AFTER NATURAL DISASTER
( By A Study Guide (Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) )

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Final exam package - A Final examination - Answer sheet

(A-1) Check the one correct answer.


____Provide adequate shelter.
____Provide safe drinking water.
____Remove human excrete and liquid and solid wastes.
____Control vectors that transmit disease.
____Ensure food supplies.

(A-2) Rank the following options, with 1 being the highest priority and 4 the lowest.


____Assess the need for drinking water in all communities affected by the disaster.
____Request mobile water purification plants from relief agencies.
____Assure drinking water for victims and relief workers in hospitals and treatment centers.
____Repair the pumping station.

(A-3)Check all of the options below that might be appropriate during the immediate postdisaster period (1-3 days).


____Use existing public buildings such as schools, meeting halls, and churches.
____Encourage people to stay with other family members or friends.
____Establish tent camps to provide shelter.
____Encourage people to construct temporary shelter on their own property.

(A-4) Rank the following options, with 1 being the highest priority and 3 the lowest.


____While warehouses storing perishable food have not been damaged, damaged power lines have put many refrigeration units out of operation.

____Rats now have access to much of the food in storage due to damage to some warehouses.

____Some food supplies may have become contaminated and it is not known if the food is safe for distribution.


(A-5) Check the one correct answer.


____Conduct technical surveys for evaluating and planning the restoration of lifeline services.
____Create a national committee to plan, monitor, and coordinate all reconstruction activities.
____Restore essential environmental health surveillance activities.

(A-6)Check all of the options below where problems caused by the disaster might have been prevented, solved, or reduced by advance planning.


____Damage to civil engineering structures.
____Contamination of food and water supplies.
____Power outages.
____Transportation failures.
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